Analgesic (Pain) Medications - Atlanta Orthopaedic Imaging (AOI)

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Treatment – Analgesic (Pain) Medications

August 18, 2022 Mike Brice Comments Off

Pain Medication is commonly used in personal injury cases to help manage pain and discomfort resulting from injuries. The choice of pain medication depends on the type and severity of the pain, the specific injury, and individual factors such as allergies and medical history. The choice of pain medication should be made by a healthcare professional based on a thorough assessment of the individual’s condition and medical history.

Pain medication should be used as part of a comprehensive treatment plan that may also include physical therapy, rest, and other interventions to address the underlying cause of the pain. Additionally, the potential for side effects and the risk of dependence should be carefully considered when using opioids or other potent pain medications. It is essential to follow prescribed dosages and recommendations to avoid misuse or overuse of pain medication.

The Uses, Benefits and Contraindications of Pain Medication include the following:  

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs):

Examples: Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), Naproxen (Aleve), Aspirin.

Benefits: NSAIDs reduce pain and inflammation, making them suitable for mild to moderate pain associated with musculoskeletal injuries like sprains, strains, and minor fractures. They are available over-the-counter and can help with both acute and chronic pain.

Contraindications: NSAIDs can irritate the gastrointestinal tract and may lead to ulcers or bleeding, especially in individuals with a history of stomach ulcers or gastrointestinal bleeding. They should be used with caution in those with kidney problems or a history of cardiovascular disease. Allergic reactions to NSAIDs are possible but rare.


Examples: Tylenol.

Benefits: Acetaminophen is primarily used for pain relief and reducing fever. It is suitable for mild to moderate pain and is less likely to cause gastrointestinal irritation compared to NSAIDs. It can be used for various types of pain, including headaches and mild post-injury pain.

Contraindications: Acetaminophen is generally considered safe when taken as directed. However, excessive or prolonged use can lead to liver damage. People with liver disease or heavy alcohol consumption should use acetaminophen with caution.


Examples: Oxycodone, Hydrocodone, Morphine.

Benefits: Opioids are powerful pain relievers often prescribed for severe pain following traumatic injuries or surgeries. They are effective for managing acute pain but are typically reserved for short-term use due to the risk of dependence and side effects. Long-term use should be closely monitored.

Contraindications: Opioids have a high potential for addiction and should be used cautiously and only as prescribed by a healthcare provider. They may cause side effects such as respiratory depression, constipation, and sedation. Individuals with a history of substance abuse or certain medical conditions should avoid opioids.

Muscle Relaxants:

Examples: Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), Methocarbamol (Robaxin), Baclofen.

Benefits: Muscle relaxants are used to relieve muscle spasms, which are common after musculoskeletal injuries. They help reduce muscle tension and improve mobility, particularly when muscle spasms contribute to pain.

Contraindications: Muscle relaxants may cause drowsiness and dizziness, so individuals taking them should avoid activities that require alertness, such as driving. These medications are not typically recommended for long-term use.

Topical Analgesics:

Examples: Lidocaine patches (Lidoderm), Topical NSAID creams (e.g., Voltaren gel).

Benefits: These products are applied directly to the skin at the site of pain. They provide localized pain relief and are useful for conditions like osteoarthritis, localized muscle pain, and nerve pain.

Contraindications: Allergic reactions or skin irritations may occur in response to topical analgesics. Individuals with known allergies or sensitivities should avoid these products.

Antidepressants and Anticonvulsants:

Examples: Amitriptyline, Gabapentin, Pregabalin.

Benefits: Certain antidepressants and anticonvulsants can be prescribed for neuropathic pain, which may result from nerve injuries. They work by modulating nerve signals and can help alleviate chronic pain conditions.

Contraindications: Individuals taking these medications should be closely monitored for side effects such as dizziness, sedation, or changes in mood. They may not be suitable for everyone and should be used as directed by a healthcare provider.


Examples: Prednisone, Dexamethasone.

Benefits: Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory medications that can be used for short-term pain relief in cases of severe inflammation, such as joint inflammation due to trauma or certain autoimmune conditions.

Contraindications: Prolonged use of corticosteroids can lead to various side effects, including bone loss, elevated blood pressure, and increased susceptibility to infections. They should be used with caution and under medical supervision.

Antispasmodic Medications:

Examples: Dicyclomine (Bentyl), Hyoscyamine (Levsin).

Benefits: These medications are used to relieve pain caused by gastrointestinal muscle spasms, which can occur after abdominal injuries or surgery.

Contraindications: Antispasmodic medications may cause side effects such as dry mouth, blurred vision, and constipation. They should be used cautiously, especially in individuals with certain medical conditions.

“Pain medication is not just relief from physical suffering; it’s the restoration of hope and the return to life’s full spectrum.” – Unknown

“The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.” – Mahatma Gandhi

The above quote suggests that by focusing on helping and serving others, individuals can often find relief from their own pain or suffering.

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was an Indian, 1869-1948, and author of more than 20 books, not counting various editions and compilations. He was accredited with degrees from Samaldas Arts College, University College London, Inns of Court School of Law.

Gandhi was the leader of the Indian independence movement, a campaign for India's independence from British rule, and is known for his philosophy of nonviolent resistance and service to humanity.
Attribution: Wikipedia Creative Commons